State Guidelines on Prescribing Opiates

Drug metabolism is quite complex, so the following should be used as a guideline. If you have specific questions regarding a sample, please contact our laboratory staff at 626-386-5277.


Detection Windows

Drug Class
Analyte
Trade Name
Urine Detection Time
Oral Fluids Detection Time
Alcohol Ethyl Glucuronide/Ethyl Sulfate 1 – 3 Days N/A
Barbiturates

Butabarbital

Butalbital

Pentobarbital

Phenobarbital

Secobarbital

Butisol®

Esgic®, Fiorinal®

Nembutal®

Solfoton®

Seconal®

2 – 3 Weeks

3 – 10 Days

4 – 6 Days

Up to 30 Days

4 – 6 Days

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Benzodiazepines

Alprazolam

Clonazepam

Chlordiazepoxide

Diazepam

Flunitrazepam

Flurazepam

Lorazepam

Midazolam

Nordiazepam

Oxazepam

Temazepam

Triazolam

Xanax®

Klonopin®

Librium®

Valium®

Rohypnol®

Dalmane®

Ativan®

Versed®

Madar®

Serax®

Restoril®

Halcion®

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 7 Days

1 – 7 Days

1 – 7 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 5 Days

N/A

1 – 7 Days

1 – 7 Days

1 – 7 Days

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Carisoprodol Carisoprodol Soma® 1 – 4 Days N/A
Drugs of Abuse

Heroin

Cannabinoids

Cocaine

MDA

MDEA

MDMA

Phencyclidine

Heroin

Weed, K2, Spice

Coke, Crack

Adam

Eve

Ecstacy

PCP, Angel Dust

24 Hours

See Below

1 – 4 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

14 – 30 Days

Up to 48 hours

Up to 24 hours

Up to 48 hours

N/A

N/A

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Opiates

Buprenorphine

Codeine

Dihydrocodeine

Fentanyl

Hydrocodone

Hydromorphone

Meperidine

Methadone

Morphine

Oxycodone

Oxymorphone

Propoxyphene

Tapentadol

Tramadol

Suboxone®

Tylenol® III

Synalgos-DC®

Actiq®, Fentora®

Vicodin®

Dilaudid®

Demerol®

Methadose®

Kadian®, MS Contin®

Oxycontin®, Percocet®

Opana®

Darvon®

Nucynta®

Ultram®

1 – 10 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 2 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 2 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 3 Days

1 – 2 Days

1 – 2 Days

1 – 4 Days

N/A

Up to 48 hours

N/A

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

N/A

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Stimulants

Amphetamine

Methamphetamine

Phentermine

Adderall®

Desoxyn®

Adipex-P®

1 – 4 Days

1 – 4 Days

1 – 4 Days

Up to 48 hours

Up to 48 hours

N/A

Cannabinoids

Light Smoker

Moderate Smoker

Heavy Smoker

Chronic Smoker

Oral Ingestion

1 – 3 Days

3 – 5 Days

10 – 21+ Days

14 – 30+ Days

1 – 5 Days

 

Note: Detection windows are approximate values that depend upon the individual’s metabolism, dosage, and dosage form.

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